The hiring of underage players has always been a headache for international organizations. The person still in training, during the decade of the 80 Y 90 it was customary for many European clubs ficharan young promises from other continents at bargain prices in order to look for the emergence of a new star.
risky bets that rarely went well and they left behind a bleak picture in most cases. Children or adolescents who abandoned the family, the studies, their environment by the illusion of being a footballer and one day they saw the other side of a sport that denied them luck and ostracized him and a life of hardship.
It was in this context as a rule drafted (Article 19 the Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players) sign prohibiting foreign children to football clubs, except three exceptions:
- "If the player's parents change their domicile to the country where the new club is located for reasons not linked to football". (eye to this precept is not worth the club record contract to the parent in a different professional category they exercised in their country of origin. NOT: if he was a plumber, I could not change to exercise administrative).
- "If the transfer is made within the territory of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEE) and the player has between 16 Y 18 year old".
- "If the player lives in your home within a distance of 50 km of the national border, and the club of the neighboring association is also within a distance of 50 km from the same border in the neighboring country. The maximum distance between the player's domicile and the club will 100 km. In that case, the player must continue to live at home and the two associations concerned must give their consent ".
A protectionist rule that sought to protect the figure of the child and put a stop to the transfer of juveniles and minors except for three cases very concise and nuanced, that FIFA also would make special surveillance. the same question always clear rules raised and raises: Is it more or less thus protects the child? And it is especially, in the case of African children, the arrival in Europe meant a ball of oxygen and life in a slightly better start to the hitherto carried.