Most ultras groups in Spanish football began to achieve notoriety in the late 70'y early in the decade of the 80. They were influenced by the hooligans in England and the Italian radical groups. Violence in Spain is not comparable with South America or other countries like Greece or Turkey, but the crisis is expected to increase in the number of radical fans.
In the Latin American case, the ultras are linked to poverty and social exclusion, bands like the "hooligans" monopolizing violence both inside and outside stadiums. In Spain the characteristic feature of the ultra groups have the ideological component that articulates most radical groups in our country. A link between politics and football violence, an explosive cocktail. Roughly one can discern three major groups of ultras in Spanish football:
Groups ultra extreme right.
Their common identity signs are Spanish nationalism, racism and xenophobia. The main groups of right-wing radicals are:
Ultras Sur (Real Madrid): Founded in 1980, "Ultra Sur" is one of the most violent groups of Spanish football. Fascist Falange ideology always carry flags and swastikas. In April 1998, this group witnessed one of the sorriest episodes of Spanish football when a hundred ultras climbed into the metal fence of the South Fund Bernabéu before starting a game of "Champions" against Borussia Dortmund. Ramon Calderon lived one of its best times. Currently include its great relationship with Jose Mourinho. Ultras Sur has been the subject of some books published by people who have managed to infiltrate the group as such, Antonio Salas who he published "Diary of a skin ", unmasking its relationship with the neo-Nazi movement.
Blanquiazules brigades (Espanyol):. founded in 1985, nowadays, their 300 partners are prohibited from entering as a group Cornella, although many of its members continue to enter individually. They are twinned with the Ultra Sur Real Madrid and are bitter enemies of the Nois Boixos Barcelona.
supporters On (Betis): They went from Andalusian nationalist ideology in the years 80 to be a group of extreme right. The other day I snuck into training Betis berating his players. Pepe Mel had to mediate the matter did not reach higher.
front Athletic (Atletico Madrid): Its origins date back to the season 1968-69 when youth spontaneously creates rock that would shape. Athletic Front is founded officially in 1982 when the club offers economic and institutional support to work empezase. He has starred in many incidents, the most unfortunate and tragic occurred in 1998, when members of the now defunct Bastion, one of the most dangerous factions of the Frente Atlético, Assassination supporter of the Royal Society, Aitor Zabaleta, in the vicinity of the Vicente Calderon.
Ultras Yomus (Valencia): They were founded in 1983 and in the beginning they supported the Valencian nationalism with extreme leftist ideals, but the founding members which imposed those ideals left the group and new members changed the ideology to Spanish nationalism and regionalism trend Valencian extreme right and hatred of all things Catalan. Currently the Yomus are dissolved as well announced in his Twitter although many of its former members are located in the Curva Nord Mestalla, in a step animation 2000 people who usually encouraged in the old coliseum valencianista.
Other extreme right groups: front Bokeron (Málaga CF), North Ligallo (Real Zaragoza) y Ultra Boys (Sporting Gijon).
Ultra groups linked to peripheral nationalisms.
Numerically lower than the ultra extreme right. Their common features are associated with the Catalan independence, Basque and Galician. Its main representatives are:
Boys boixos (Barcelona): He born as a rock in 1981 and throughout its history it has caused many incidents, amateur fights and assaults on other teams. They show a very strong Catalan nationalism and a strong Spanish anticentralism, are extreme right. Sounded is the incident with Joan Laporta preventing them access to Camp Nou, the "Boixos" came threatening to kill former President. On its website in its last statement in July 2013 Laporta harshly criticize but also Cruyff and Pep Guardiola. In that statement calling for a degree of animation.
Red force (Osasuna): born in 1987, has more than 400 members. It is the group of radicals of Navarre team that exalts the nationalist ideology fans and usually carry ikurriñas Basque nationalists and emblems. Although very noisy, I must say in his favor that this group organized a Conference against Racism. They were among the pioneers in organizing such events to fight against xenophobia in football.
Herri Norte (Athletic Bilbao): Founded in 1981. It was formed initially by fans Athletic, but in the early 90s there was an internal crisis between the two main sections "the Reds" Y "The Ultrillas", The latter were expelled. The group has carried out several acts of nature “antifascist”, one of the most recent was the celebration of “Migrants Day”, inviting over a hundred African Afro-Basque organization.
Riazor Blues (Deportivo La Coruna): founded in 1987 before a Galician derby. Galician separatists and leftist. antifascists also state, as you can be seen in the team's games in Riazor carrying a large banner of Che Guevara. It is one of the largest ultras groups with more than 1000 members. The most violent incident that reminds you Riazor Blues, was the death of Manuel Rios Suarez, Deportivo himself an amateur, who he died murdered by a member of this group by beating and kicking that destroyed several vital organs, in fact it happened in a Cup match against Compostela nearby San Lazaro Stadium. Augusto Cesar Lendoiro it has sometimes been the victim of threats from Riazor Blues.
Celtarras (Celta Vigo): founded in 1987, the celtarras have been known lately for his confrontation with the club's board for hiring Salva Ballesta. Eventually the former Levante, Racing and Malaga went halfway to Vigo. Finally the pressure made Abel Resino called him to inform him that he would not be his second.
Other nationalist ultras groups are: Team Mujika (Real society).
Groups ultra extreme left..
More minority than previous, its characteristic features are anti-fascism and anti-capitalism with much reference to the working class. Their main groups are:
Biris Norte (Sevilla FC): Founded in 1975, It is the oldest group of ultra Spain. It is also one of the largest with more than 1.000 members. Ideologically they are defining themselves as anti-racists and ultra-left and anti-capitalist usually sympathize with the cause. José María del Nido barred the entrance to the coliseum Seville for several days.
Bukaneros (Vallecano Ray): Is the only group of ultra-left Madrid. Its ideology is anti-fascist, communist, Anarchist and Republican. They do not maintain a good relationship with the club. For some months now this group is being investigated for alleged links into riots in the manifestation of 25S and 14N general strike. They are the enemy number one of the government delegate in Madrid, Cristina Cifuentes. It is one of the ultras groups with more complaints despite not reaching 400 members.
– Other groups ultraizquierda: Yellow brigades (Cádiz) and South Kolectivo (Xerez)
Currently in Spanish football dominates verbal violence whose main causes are the media, but also influenced by socioeconomic factors, cultural and political as we have discussed earlier. While it is true that compared to other countries, for example Argentina where almost 200 deaths are linked to football, Spain is a country where going to a football stadium does not pose an unreasonable risk. In a context of economic crisis and especially values, the effort of society should be maximum so that violence does not spread. Education in this regard is crucial. On the other hand, returning to verbal violence, No wonder some commentators seeing me known football programs promoted by some chains. Watch and judge for yourself.