Since 1924 a1957 They occurred 12 Argentine soccer-related deaths, but everything changed from the lateearly years 50. After the death of Mario Linker at the hands of police in1958, It begins with a step of normal violence, They are born "hooligans ".
¿What are the Barras Bravas?
The termhooligans It appears in Argentina, at the beginning of the decade 1960, until then the violent episodes were minority in Argentine football, only twelve deaths were related to the beautiful game between 1924 Y 1957. In a clash between Velez Sarsfield fans, River Plate and police, died, at the hands of the latter, Mario Linker. Because of the murder of this fan of River Plate, in October 1958, the company becomes aware of the existence of organized groups around football. This phenomenon has spread throughout South America. To give us an idea of increased violence, only in Argentina, since 1958 until 2003, related deaths football add a whopping 237 deceased.
Most members of a "Hooligan" and workers come from poor neighborhoods, places with a high rate of social exclusion. We must differentiate members of the group, organized hierarchically, among the leaders or references, they are what make lucrative business of football and group members, they develop a sense of belonging to a group, obtaining a protection would not be out of it. These groups exploit that situation in the world of sports allowed temporary release, where drug use, adrenaline and alcohol are an explosive cocktail that incites violence.
Funding for hooligans, at least an important part, comes from the clubs themselves, where collusion with these groups is absolute, giving them tickets for leaders to do their business, completing the sale of drugs and extortion, in some cases, own leaders and club players. to top, police and politicians wash their hands, and even use the bars for their own benefit. It's all a vicious circle, where politics intermingle, football, the drugs, violence and corruption.
Since "Hanged" we reject all forms of violence, but draws our attention to the color and atmosphere that these groups exercise in a soccer field. Thus, This week we present the most hooligans in Argentina.
The 12 (Boca Juniors)
Player history Number 12 He began to be written in the year 1925. Boca traveling in that year for the first tour of its history and of Argentine soccer. But something strange happened, They are traveling players, coaching and a fan. This is treated it as one of a group of players, it was called twelfth player. There have been several heads or concerning throughout history 12, "Grandfather" mythical reference and Rafael Di Zeo most recently who he was imprisoned or current Mauro Martín. Martin Mauro Di Zeo take the opportunity that was persecuted for justice by events that ended with the death of a young man in 1999. Now "the 12 Boca " It is an open war between the factions and Mauro Di Zeo, the latter just got out of prison. It is one of the bars with more followers, also one of the most encouraging, but on the other hand "The 12" It is one of the most violent.
Plank Drunkards (River Plate)
Active since the 50, there have been several "bosses" who have made the bar River one of the most popular and dangerous of all of South America. In the 70 the boss was “Gut”, in the 80 “Matute”, and in 90 with the “paperboy”, “Luisito” Y “Sandokan” among others, It is becoming known as Los Borrachos swollen Plank. Not only they bundled in Buenos Aires, but also in Brazil, where they intimidated the police in Sao Paulo, or the World Cup 2006 where more than 100 fans of this bar they went to encourage Argentina.
In the last decade have several deaths behind, New's two Old Boys fans died in a brawl between the two bars when River was going to play against Rosario Central. In August 2007, there was one of the saddest events in the history of "Drunks The Plank", when several fans killed Gonzalo Acro River, member of the bar. This attack responded to the fierce fighting at that time was shaking "Los Borrachos del Tablón", the result of the power struggle between Alan Schlenker and Adrian Rousseau, concerning the bar and close friends at first, Today archenemies.
The Red Devils(Independent)
It is considered one of the most important and violent hooligans in Argentina. Founded in years 50 He has had outstanding leaders among their ranks, as: son: “Cantinflas” (50s), Turatti (60s), “Gypsy” (70s to 1987), the “Galician” Pompei (1987 until 1994), The “Gordo” Raul (1994 until 2003) and Paul “bebote” Alvarez (2003 until 2012).
Imperial Guard (The No. 1, Racing Club de Avellaneda)
Founded in 1958, is the "Hooligan" Racing de Avellaneda. One of the most fatalities bars behind, A total of eight which include: two fans of Boca, one of River, Students one more and one of San Lorenzo, their hooligans you enemy, plus two other fans Rosario and Estudiantes de la Plata. After a decade marked by internal disputes, with several of its leaders jailed for murder, He took control of the current leader "bar", Raul Escobar, nicknamed “Egg”. Currently the groups admitted "La Guardia Imperial" son: Los Racing Stones, The 95 and people from Dock Sud.
La Gloriosa Butt bigotry(San Lorenzo de Almagro)
La Gloriosa Butt bigotry It is the barra brava of the Club San Lorenzo of Argentina. They are also called as' Ravens’ and 'Matadores'. Famous for his clashes with the club, already in 1968, 500 San Lorenzo fans surrounded the car of then president to prevent, successfully, selling "Lobo” Fischer a River, They have been famous in recent times by its President Mieles opposite position and the possible sale of the club. They have the second record attendance of away supporters, with 30.000 fans in a match against Rosario Central. In the year 2006, is bar prevented the players leave the concentration to play a match against Racing, "No fans do not play", prayed slogans. Since he was named Pope Bergoglio, San Lorenzo fan declared, "La Gloriosa Butt bigotry" devotes part of his songs mitificando the divine character of the club, since "Hanged" we wanted to highlight this:
Here is the glorious
who wants to go to heaven
Raise your hand ♫
alla in St. Peter's Square
now send ravens
Pope hacete the boludo
and venite to boedo… and venite to boedo ♫
Which never forsakes (Club Atlético Newell’s Old Boys)
It is the hooligans de Newell´s Old Boys, the most popular crowd inside Argentina. In a match against Independiente mobilized more than 40.000 fans, attendance record visiting fans. With the presidency of Eduardo Jose Lopez hooligans It had its heyday. The boss of thebar, Adrian Roberto Camino, alias “Pimpi”, It was the one who administered the indoor stadium of the club, oversaw the lower divisions and had passes or "percentage of passes" multiplayer. A scandal that eventually mobilize supporters against the team control bar. The day 21 July the fans celebrated the "day of the leper" (as the fans of the club is known), in honor of the birthday of Marcelo Bielsa, Idol historic club. Last season, "That never gives up", It was vital for achieving the title of rosarino team with coach Tata Martino.
Some of the most famous hooligans are Argentina:
– The Warriors (Rosario Central)
– Click the Band (Estudiantes de La Plata)
– Clique Liniers (Club Atlético Vélez Sarsfield)
– The famous band of San Martin (Chacarita Juniors)
– The usual suspects (Colón de Santa Fe)
– The 14 (Lanus)
– Faithful (Talleres de Córdoba)
– The 22 (Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata)
– the Inimitable (Atletico Tucuman)
– Band Of Burning (Hurricane)
– The bomb, ClubUnion Santa Fe
– Celestes pirates Alberdi (Belgrano de Cordoba)
The list of hooligans in Argentina is very extensive, It is the country with the world's ultra groups, source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anexo:Barras_bravas_de_Argentina
Jon Sistiaga documentary where some aspects we have discussed in this report reflects: